MUHBA Refugi 307
Refugi 307 is one of the bomb shelters that were built during the Civil War to protect the population from the indiscriminate bombing to which Barcelona was subjected. It was excavated thanks to the efforts of many people from the Poble Sec district. It is one of the more than 1,000 bomb shelters built in Barcelona during the Civil War, and is a good example of passive defence in the city, in which the Republican Army, the Generalitat, the City Council and the people of Barcelona all played a part.
The shelter has three entrances onto the street of Carrer Nou de la Rambla, and is comprised of 200 metres of tunnels, with a height of 2.10 metres and between 1.5 and 2 metres wide. It has a number of different rooms, including a toilet, a water fountain, an infirmary, a children's room and a fireplace. Visitors can imagine the anguish suffered by the people of the city during the Civil War, when they were forced to face a new phenomenon: the bombing of the civil population, a military practice that had only been briefly tried out during the First World War.
Refugi 307 is one of the finest examples of a bomb shelter built in Barcelona, and has at the same time become a true memorial to the people's struggle to survive in the face of adversity.
Plan of Refugi 307
The underground experience
As they make their way through the shelter, visitors can experience what it must have been like to spend time within these walls. They can see the different rooms in the shelter, such as the toilets, a water fountain, an infirmary, the children's room and a fireplace. Even though the tunnel is only 200 metres long, the initial plan was to build a shelter over 400 metres long, which could have provided refuge for around 2,000 people. During the tour, visitors can also see the remains of constructions subsequent to the Civil War, when the shelter was reused for other purposes.
A new way of waging war
The bloodiest bombardment that Barcelona would suffer during the Civil War began on 16 March 1938, at 22:08. It lasted for almost 3 days, killing and injuring over 1,000 people, and destroying 45 buildings and damaging 75 more. Barcelona was a test site for a practice that had only been briefly tried out during the First World War: the indiscriminate bombing of the rearguard. It caused chaos among the city’s inhabitants, children were sent to safe places if possible, and the whole morale of the city began to collapse, thus helping to make Franco's victory even more overwhelming.
Organising against the bombings
After the first bombardments, the Junta de Defensa Passiva (Passive Defence Council) was created, in addition to several Juntes de Defensa Local (Local Defence Councils), which took measures to try to deal with this lethal new military strategy. First of all, cellars in houses were fitted out as shelters, as was the Metro system. Despite the lack of resources available, the Generalitat, the City Council and the people themselves organised their defence: alarms were installed, a food, water and medicine supply service was set up, and new shelters were built, despite the scarcity of necessary materials such as iron. When the alarms sounded, all the lights in the city would be extinguished, and everyone had to run for their lives. If you did not have a shelter or a Metro station close to hand, then the best thing was to hide on Collserola or another of the city's hills.
Information and services
Phone Number: 93 256 21 22
Opening Times: From Monday to Friday, 10 to 14 h and 16 to 19 h.
From Monday to Saturday: only open to groups with advance reservations.
Sundays: guided tours at 10.30, 11.30 and 12.30.
Limited number of places available. We urge visitors to reserve in advance.
Closed on public holidays
Standard ticket: 3.40€ (for weekend events listed on the general activities programme)
Metro: Paral·lel (L2 and L3)
Bus: 121 (Nou de la Rambla stop), 121, 21 and H16 (Paral·lel)